Chin surgery, also known as mentoplasty, is a surgical procedure to reshape the chin either by enhancement with an implant or reduction surgery on the bone. Although human beauty and attractiveness are generally subjective, there are some rules that dictate whether contours are aesthetic or not. In regards to the chin, these rules revolve around the positioning and prominence of the chin relative to the base of the nose. Therefore, it is not uncommon for a plastic surgeon to suggest supplementing a rhinoplasty with mentoplasty in order to ensure that an aesthetic balance is maintained.
The new chin is developed by either reducing or augmenting its current position. Incisions are usually made inside the mouth or along the natural crease line beneath the chin to significantly reduce the visibility of scars. If the surgeon’s goal is to reduce the chin, then a bone burr or drill is used to reshape and sculpt it to a natural, but more petite look. If augmentation is needed, the surgeon may either affix an implant inside the soft tissue or advance the bone by actually separating part of the chin and moving it forward, holding its position with screws and specialized bone plates.
Immediately after chin enhancement surgery, the chin can feel tender and stretched due to both the swelling and different skin shaping needed. This tight feeling of the skin will dissipate in about one week, while the swelling may take up to six weeks to fully subside. Additionally, the doctor may suggest a liquid and soft food diet for a few days (for up to a week) after surgery. Any other post-operation discomfort can be controlled through prescribed medication.
As with any plastic surgery, there are risks involved with chin enhancement that should be taken into account. Although they do not occur often, infections can develop in the chin or lip area depending on where the incision was made, for which antibiotics are prescribed. Patient dissatisfaction is also uncommon so long as the patient maintains realistic expectations throughout.
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